Flow Control

Next, we will render a menu node upon its sub-menu existence. If a menu node has a sub-menu, we can render it either by <nav> or <navitem>. To achieve this, we have to use shadow components for flow control: <choose>, <when>, and <otherwise>. (There is an <if> which we don't use in the example.)

  • The <choose> is similar to Java switch statement.
  • The <when> is similar to case statement, and you should specify a data binding expression on test attribute to be evaluated.
  • The <otherwise> works like default case in a switch statement for specifying a default action.

Now, we can test whether a menu node has a subMenu or not by test="@load(empty each.subMenus)". If it does, create a <nav>; otherwise create a <navitem>.

<navbar id="navbar" orient="horizontal" collapsed="false">
    <forEach items="@load(menuItems)">
            <when test="@load(empty each.subMenus)">
                <navitem label="@load(each.label)" />
                <nav label="@load(each.label)" iconSclass="@load(each.iconSclass)"/>

But the above method only allows us to create a <nav> without its <navitem>. Thus, we need to traverse each node in its sub-menu and create corresponding components (<nav> or <navitem>) which is like what we are doing now for each menu-node. This means we need to reuse this <forEach> and its child elements.