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Contents

Tree

Employment/Purpose

A tree consists of tree parts, the set of columns, the set of footers, and the tree body. The set of columns is defined by a number of treecol components, one for each column. Each column will appear as a header at the top of the tree. The second part, The set of footers is defined by a number of treefooter components, one for each column also. Each column will appear as a footer at the bottom of the tree. The third part, the tree body, contains the data to appear in the tree and is created with a treechildren component.

Example

ZKComRef Tree Example.png

<window title="tree demo" border="normal" width="400px" >
	<tree id="tree" rows="5">
		<treecols sizable="true">
			<treecol label="Name" />
			<treecol label="Description" />
		</treecols>
		<treechildren>
			<treeitem>
				<treerow>
					<treecell label="Item 1" />
					<treecell label="Item 1 description" />
				</treerow>
			</treeitem>
			<treeitem>
				<treerow>
					<treecell label="Item 2" />
					<treecell label="Item 2 description" />
				</treerow>
				<treechildren>
					<treeitem>
						<treerow>
							<treecell label="Item 2.1" />
						</treerow>
					</treeitem>
					<treeitem>
						<treerow>
							<treecell label="Item 2.2" />
							<treecell
								label="Item 2.2 is something who cares" />
						</treerow>
					</treeitem>
				</treechildren>
			</treeitem>
			<treeitem label="Item 3" />
		</treechildren>
		<treefoot>
			<treefooter label="Count" />
			<treefooter label="Summary" />
		</treefoot>
	</tree>
</window>

Tree onAfterRender.png

<zk>
	<zscript><![CDATA[
	SimpleTreeModel stm = new SimpleTreeModel(new SimpleTreeNode("ROOT",
		Arrays.asList(new SimpleTreeNode[]{
				new SimpleTreeNode("David",new ArrayList()), 
				new SimpleTreeNode("Thomas",new ArrayList()),
				new SimpleTreeNode("Steven",new ArrayList())})));
	]]></zscript>
	
	<tree width="300px" model="${stm}" onAfterRender="self.setSelectedItem(self.getTreechildren().getLastChild())"/>
</zk>

Change Style

To change the style of tree icon, you may call setZclass(String style). Four built in style includes "z-tree","z-dottree","z-filetree","z-vfiletree"

Since ZK 7.0.0

Since ZK 7.0.0, the dottree, filetree and vfiletree styles are deprecated because designs are changed.

Mouseless Entry Tree

  • Press UP and DOWN to move the selection up and down by one tree item.
  • Press PgUp and PgDn to move the selection up and down by one page.
  • Press HOME to move the selection to the first item, and END to the last item.
  • Press RIGHT to open a tree item, and LEFT to close a tree item.
  • Press Ctrl+UP and Ctrl+DOWN to move the focus up and down by one tree item without changing the selection.
  • Press SPACE to select the item in focus.

Paging

Autopaging

When using the paging mold and vflex, you could also turn on autopaging (Tree.setAutopaging(boolean)) such that the page size will be adjusted automatically based on the available space.

[Since 5.0.2]

Note: If enable the autopaging, the height of each row will be applied the following CSS by default. If you want to change the height, please overwrite the CSS rule as your preference.

.z-tree-autopaging .z-treecell-cnt,
.z-dottree-autopaging .z-treecell-cnt,
.z-filetree-autopaging .z-treecell-cnt,
.z-vfiletree-autopaging .z-treecell-cnt {
	height: 30px;
	overflow: hidden;
}
[Since 5.0.8]

The onPaging and onPageSize Event

When a user clicks to scroll up and down the page, the onPaging event is sent along with a org.zkoss.zul.event.PagingEvent instance. Similarly, the onPageSize event is sent along with an org.zkoss.zul.event.PageSize instance.

Frozen Component

In ZK 7 you are now able to freeze columns within a Tree. This mirrors functionality seen within Excel and makes data in these components easier to read, interpret and handle.

The following code demonstrates how to freeze a column within a Tree:

<tree id="tree" rows="5" width="600px">
    <frozen columns="2" start="1" />
    <treecols sizable="true">
        <treecol width="100px">ID</treecol>
        <treecol width="50px">Priority</treecol>
        <treecol width="50px">Status</treecol>
        <treecol width="150px">Summary</treecol>
        <treecol width="250px">Detail</treecol>
    </treecols>
    <treechildren>
        <treeitem>
            <treerow>
                <treecell>0001</treecell>
                <treecell>1</treecell>
                <treecell>closed</treecell>
                <treecell>Fix login issue</treecell>
                <treecell>Login does not work at all</treecell>
            </treerow>
        </treeitem>
        <treeitem>
            <treerow>
                <treecell>0002</treecell>
                <treecell>3</treecell>
                <treecell>open</treecell>
                <treecell>Button style broken</treecell>
                <treecell>Check main.css</treecell>
            </treerow>
            <treechildren>
                <treeitem>
                    <treerow>
                        <treecell>00021</treecell>
                        <treecell>1</treecell>
                        <treecell>closed</treecell>
                        <treecell>Fix logout issue</treecell>
                        <treecell>Logout does not work at all</treecell>
                    </treerow>
                </treeitem>
            </treechildren>
        </treeitem>
        <treeitem>
            <treerow>
                <treecell>0003</treecell>
                <treecell>2</treecell>
                <treecell>open</treecell>
                <treecell>Client search result</treecell>
                <treecell>Search service returns incomplete result</treecell>
            </treerow>
        </treeitem>
    </treechildren>
</tree>
[Since 7.0.0]

Selection

Nonselectable Tags

[5.0.5]

By default, when an user clicks on a BUTTON, INPUT, TEXTAREA or A tag, the selection state of the item won't be changed. For example, when an user clicks the textbox in the following example, the selection state of the item won't be changed (only the textbox gains the focus).

<treeitem>
  <treerow>
    <treecell><textbox/></treecell>

Sometimes it is not intuitive, such as using with inplace editing (InputElement.isInplace()). If you want to have more control of whether to select an item, you could specify a list of tags in the nonselectableTags property (Tree.setNonselectableTags(String)). For example, if you want to select the item, no matter what tag the user clicks, you could specify an empty string as follows.

<tree nonselectableTags="">
  <treechildren>
    <treeitem>
      <treerow>
        <treecell><textbox/></treecell>

If you want to toggle the selection only when the user clicks on the checkmark, you could specify * ([since 5.0.6]). Notice that you have to specify checkmark="true" as well (otherwise, no item is selectable).

<tree checkmark="true" nonselectableTags="*">

Multiple Selection

When the user clicks on a tree item, the whole item is selected and the onSelect event is sent back to the server to notify the application. You can control whether a tree control allows multiple selections by setting the multiple attribute to true. The default value is false.

Note: If you use a model, the multiple attribute should be set to the model instead of the tree itself.

The Checkmark Property

ZKComRef Tree checkmark.png

The checkmark attribute controls whether to display a checkbox or a radio button in front of each tree item. If the multiple attribute is set to true and the checkmark is set to true then a checkbox will be displayed in front of every item. However, if multiple is set to false then a radio button will be displayed instead.

Deselect Others when Clicking an Item with Checkmark

If a tree's checkmark (Tree.isCheckmark()) is enabled, the selection will be toggled when an user clicks an item. In other words, all other items will remain the same.

If you prefer to deselect all other items and select the item being clicked (which the behavior of ZK 5.0.4 and earlier), you could specify true to this library property called org.zkoss.zul.tree.checkmarkDeselectOthers in WEB-INF/zk.xml:

<library-property>
	<name>org.zkoss.zul.tree.checkmarkDeselectOthers</name>
	<value>true</value>
</library-property>

Toggle Selection when Right Clicking an Item with Checkmark

If a tree's checkmark (Tree.isCheckmark()) is enabled, the selection will be toggled when user right click on item.

If you prefer not to select/deselect item on right click, you could specify false to this library property called org.zkoss.zul.tree.rightSelect in WEB-INF/zk.xml:

<library-property>
	<name>org.zkoss.zul.tree.rightSelect</name>
	<value>false</value>
</library-property>
[Since 5.0.5]

Properties

Auxiliary Headers

Like grids, you can specify auxiliary headers with the auxhead and auxheader components.

Please refer to the Grid for more details.

SizedByContent

By default, the widths of columns have to be specified explicitly, or it will be split equally among columns regardless what content they might have. If you want to have the minimal width (that fit the content), you could specify hflex="min" at the column (not the tree).

However, the tree has a special mode called sized-by-content (Tree.setSizedByContent(boolean)). By specifying it to true, the column width will be adjusted automatically. However, it is controlled by the browser, so have have no 100% control of it. For example, if an user resized a column, the final width might not be exactly the same as what he resized.

In general, we suggest to specify hflex in column, rather than specifying sizedByContent at tree for much more predictable result.

Rows

The rows attribute is used to control how many rows are visible. By setting it to zero, the tree control will resize itself to hold as many as items as possible.

Vflex

The vflex attribute controls whether to grow or shrink vertically to fit their given space. It is so-called vertical flexibility. For example, if the tree is too big to fit in the browser window, it will shrink to make the whole tree visible in the browser window.

This property is ignored if the rows attribute is specified.

Maxlength

The maxlength attribute defines the maximal allowed characters being visible at the browser. By setting this property, you can make a narrower tree control.

Sizable

Like columns, you can set the sizable attribute of treecols to true in order to allow users to resize the width of the tree headers. Similarly, the onColSize event is sent when a user resizes the widths.

Auto Fitting Columns

[Since 5.0.0]

When you want to resize a column of a Tree or Listbox, all you now need to do is double click the column when the mouse is over where the columns meet and the column will automatically resize to fit its contents. To enable this functionality Tree's treecols need the attribute sizable="true". In other words, all sizable column provides the auto-fitting functionality.

Scrollable Tree

A tree will be scrollable if you specify the rows attribute or the height attribute and there is not enough space to display all the tree items.

Scrollable tree.png

<tree rows="4">
    <treecols>
        <treecol label="Name"/>
        <treecol label="Description"/>
    </treecols>
    <treechildren>
        <treeitem>
            <treerow>
                <treecell label="Item 1"/>
                <treecell label="Item 1 description"/>
            </treerow>
        </treeitem>
        <treeitem>
            <treerow>
                <treecell label="Item 2"/>
                <treecell label="Item 2 description"/>
            </treerow>
            <treechildren>
                <treeitem>
                    <treerow>
                        <treecell label="Item 2.1"/>
                    </treerow>
                    <treechildren>
                        <treeitem>
                            <treerow>
                                <treecell label="Item 2.1.1"/>
                            </treerow>
                        </treeitem>
                        <treeitem>
                            <treerow>
                                <treecell label="Item 2.1.2"/>
                            </treerow>
                        </treeitem>
                    </treechildren>
                </treeitem>
                <treeitem>
                    <treerow>
                        <treecell label="Item 2.2"/>
                        <treecell label="Item 2.2 is something who cares"/>
                    </treerow>
                </treeitem>
            </treechildren>
        </treeitem>
        <treeitem label="Item 3"/>
    </treechildren>
</tree>
[Since 7.0.0]

The browser's default scrollbar is replaced by floating scrollbar and it is not visible unless user mouse over on the content. To turn off the floating scrollbar and use original scrollbar, please add the following configuration in zk.xml.

<library-property>
    <name>org.zkoss.zul.nativebar</name>
    <value>true</value>
</library-property>


The Open Property and the onOpen Event

Each tree item contains the open property which is used to control whether to display its child items. The default value is true. By setting this property to false, you are able to control what part of the tree is invisible.

<treeitem open="false">

When a user clicks on the +/- button, he opens the tree item and makes its children visible. The onOpen event is then sent to the server to notify the application.

For sophisticated applications, you can defer the creation of the content of the tree item or manipulate its content dynamically until the onOpen event is received. Refer to the Load on Demand section in the ZK User Interface Markup Language chapter for details.

Create-on-Open for Tree Controls

As illustrated below, you could listen to the onOpen event, and then load the children of a tree item. You can do the same thing using group boxes.

<zk>
	<tree width="200px">
	    <treecols>
	        <treecol label="Subject"/>
	        <treecol label="From"/>
	    </treecols>
	    <treechildren>
	        <treeitem open="false" onOpen="load()">
	            <treerow>
	                <treecell label="Intel Snares XML"/>
	                <treecell label="David Needle"/>
	            </treerow>
	            <treechildren/>
	        </treeitem>
	    </treechildren>
	    <zscript>
			void load() {
				Treechildren tc = self.getTreechildren();
				if (tc.getChildren().isEmpty()) {
					Treeitem ti = new Treeitem();
					ti.setLabel("New added");
					ti.setParent(tc);
				}
			}
	    </zscript>
	</tree>
</zk>

Custom Attributes

org.zkoss.zul.tree.rightSelect

[default: true]
[inherit: true][1]

It specifies the selection should be toggled when user right clicks on an item, if the checkmark is enabled (Tree.isCheckmark()). If it is turned off, right clicking on an item will change its selection state.


  1. The custom attribute could be specified in this component, or any of its ancestor. In addition, it could be specified as a library property to enable or disable it for the whole application.

org.zkoss.zul.tree.autoSort

[default: false]
[inherit: true][1]
[since 5.0.7]

It specifies whether to sort the model when the following cases:

If you want to ignore sort when receiving TreeDataEvent, you can specifies the value as ignore.change.

org.zkoss.zul.tree.autohidePaging

[default: true]
[inherit: true][2]
[since: 7.0.1]

It specifies whether to enable autohide property for internal paging component.


  1. The custom attribute could be specified in this component, or any of its ancestor. In addition, it could be specified as a library property to enable or disable it for the whole application.
  2. Same as above.

Supported Events

Name
Event Type
onSelect
Event: SelectEvent

Notifies one that the user has selected a new item in the tree.

onFocus
Event: Event

Denotes when a component gets the focus. Remember event listeners execute at the server, so the focus at the client might be changed when the event listener for onFocus got executed.

onBlur
Event: Event

Denotes when a component loses the focus. Remember event listeners execute at the server, so the focus at the client might be changed when the event listener for onBlur got executed.

onAfterRender
Event: Event

Notifies one that the model's data has been rendered.

onPageSize
Event: PageSizeEvent

Notifies the paging size has been changed when the autopaging (Tree.setAutopaging(boolean)) is enabled and user changed the size of the content.

Supported Molds

Available molds of a component are defined in lang.xml embedded in zul.jar.

Name
Snapshot
default
Tree mold default.png
paging
Tree mold paging.png

Supported Children

* Treecols,  Treechildren,  Treefoot

Use Cases

Version Description Example Location
3.6 Smalltalk: Building a Complex Tree with Grid-in-Grid Building a Complex Tree with Grid-in-Grid
3.6 Expand all items of a Tree at start http://www.zkoss.org/forum/listComment/9379

Browser Limitations

Browser description
Chrome & Safari
<zk>
	<hbox>
		<tree>
			<treecols>
				<treecol label="Name" />
				<treecol label="Description" />
			</treecols>
			<treechildren>
				<treeitem>
					<treerow>
						<treecell label="Item 1" />
						<treecell label="Item 1 description" />
					</treerow>
				</treeitem>
			</treechildren>
		</tree>
	</hbox>
</zk>

The width of the tree will be zero with Chrome & Safari. the Webkit considers the width of tree as zero. please specify the width to tree to work around.

Version History

Last Update : 2014/1/14


Version Date Content
5.0.2 May 2010 Support the autopaging
5.0.4 July 2010 Support onAfterRender event
5.0.5 September 2010 The nonselectabletag property was introduced to enhance the control of when to select an item
5.0.5 September 2010 When a tree's checkmar is enabled and an item is clicked, it will toggle the selection of the item and the other remains the same.
5.0.5 October 2010 When a tree's checkmark is enabled and an item is right clicked, it will toggle the selection of the item.
5.0.6 February 2011 Sorting was supported
5.0.6 February 2011 The nonselectableTags property supported "*".
5.0.7 April 2011 Tree shall sort model based on current state.
5.0.7 April 2011 The onPageSize event was introduced.
7.0.0 December 2013 Change Style and Scrollable Tree were updated.
7.0.0 December 2013 Frozen Component was introduced.
7.0.1 January 2014 ZK-2079: Add a custom attributes "org.zkoss.zul.tree.autohidePaging" for control autohide in internal paging component



Copyright © Potix Corporation. This article is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.



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